Alexandra M. Levine, MD, received her MD degree from University of Southern California. She is a Professor at the City of Hope National Medical Center, and was Chief Medical Officer from 2007-2017. Dr. Levine is a nationally and internationally recognized authority on malignancies associated with HIV, as well as on HIV in women. She worked with Jonas Salk on the development and testing of a therapeutic AIDS vaccine; was appointed to the Presidential HIV/AIDS Advisory Council by President Clinton in 1995; and has served as Consultant to the Health Departments of Chile, Russia, India, and China concerning HIV/AIDS. Dr. Levine has published 325 scientific articles, 65 chapters, and has edited two books.